Copper is a chemical element with the symbol Cu (from Latin: 'cuprum') and atomic number 29. It is a soft, malleable, and ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity. A freshly exposed surface of pure copper has a pinkish-orange color. Copper is used as a conductor of heat and electricity, as a building material, and as a constituent of various metal alloys, such as sterling silver used in jewelry, cupronickel used to make marine hardware and coins, and constantan used in strain gauges and thermocouples for temperature measurement.

In the Roman era, copper was mined principally on Cyprus, the origin of the name of the metal, from 'aes сyprium' (metal of Cyprus), later corrupted to 'сuprum' (Latin). 'Coper' (Old English) and 'copper' were derived from this, the later spelling first used around 1530.

Cyprus, officially called the Republic of Cyprus, is an island country in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. It is the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean and is located south of Turkey; west of Syria; northwest of the Gaza Strip, Israel, and Lebanon; north of Egypt; and southeast of Greece. The country's capital and largest city is Nicosia.

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