Walloons are a Romance ethnic group native to Belgium, principally its southern region of Wallonia, who speak French and Walloon. Walloons are a distinctive ethnic community within Belgium. Important historical and anthropological criteria (religion, language, traditions, folklore) bind Walloons to the French people.

More generally, the term is also extended to refer to the inhabitants of the Walloon region in general, regardless of ethnicity or descent. Besides French and Walloon, a minority of Walloons also speak various regional Romance languages and dialects such as Picard and Lorrain. Walloons are described as being descendants of Gallo-Romans with Germanic Frankish admixture, in this regard similar to the French.

The term Walloon is derived from *walha, a Proto-Germanic term used to refer to Celtic and Latin speakers.

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