Bastille Day is the common name given in English-speaking countries/lands to the French National Day, which is celebrated on July 14 each year.
The French National Day commemorates the Storming of the Bastille on July 14, 1789, a turning point of the French Revolution, as well as the Fête de la Fédération which celebrated the unity of the French people on July 14, 1790. Celebrations are held throughout France. The oldest and largest regular military parade in Europe is held on the morning of July 14, on the Champs-Élysées in Paris in front of the President of the Republic, along with other French officials and foreign guests.
On May 21, 1880, Benjamin Raspail proposed a law to have "the Republic choose the July 14 as a yearly national holiday". The Assembly voted in favor of the proposal on May 21 and June 8. The Senate approved it on June 27 and 29, favoring July 14 against August 4 (which would have commemorated the end of the feudal system on August 4, 1789). The law was made official on July 6, 1880, and the Ministry of the Interior recommended to Prefects that the day should be "celebrated with all the brilliance that the local resources allow". Indeed, the celebrations of the new holiday in 1880 were particularly magnificent.