Doctors Without Borders, more commonly known as 'Médecins Sans Frontières' (MSF), is an international humanitarian medical non-governmental organisation of French origin best known for its projects in conflict zones and in countries affected by endemic diseases.

The idea for (MSF) began during the Nigerian Civil War of (1967-1970); the Nigerian military formed a blockade around the nation's newly independent south-eastern region, Biafra. France was the only major country supportive of the Biafrans (the UK, USSR and the US sided with the Nigerian government). A number of French doctors volunteered with the French Red Cross to work in hospitals and feeding centers in besieged Biafra.

'Médecins Sans Frontières' (MSF) was founded in 1971 by a small group of French doctors and journalists who sought to expand access to medical care across national boundaries and irrespective of race, religion, creed or political affiliation. MSF currently staffs about 30,000 personnel. This includes local & volunteer doctors, nurses and other medical professionals, logistical experts, water and sanitation engineers and administrators have provided medical aid in over 70 countries.

MSF has general consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council. It received the 1999 Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of its members' continued efforts to provide medical care in acute crises, as well as raising international awareness of potential humanitarian disasters.

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