Pequin pepper is a hot chili pepper cultivar commonly used as a spice, common uses include pickling, salsas, sauces, soups, and vinegars. Pequin pepper originates in the Mexican state of Tabasco, where it's widely used to make salsa or as a complement to many dishes. Pequin peppers are very small, measuring roughly 1/2 to 3/4 inch (2 cm) in length and 1/4 inch (1 cm) wide, and oval or oblong in shape.

Compared to a the common jalapeno pepper, which averages 5,000 SHU and you’ll find the hottest chili pequin can reach 12 times hotter (30,000 SHU to 60,000 Scoville Heat Units on the Scoville Heat Scale). It is closer to the heat of the bird’s eye pepper, or the more commonly known cayenne pepper. Bell peppers, as a reference, have 0 Scoville heat units (no heat).

Pequin peppers, or chili pequin (sometimes spelled “piquin”), are tiny peppers that mature from green to a vibrant red color.

More Info: