Which breed of dog is this?
The Shar-Pei is a breed of dog known for its deep wrinkles and blue-black tongue. The breed originates from southern China. The English name "Shar-Pei" derives from the British spelling of the older Cantonese 'shā pèih', which translates to "sandy skin" and refers to the texture of the breed's short, rough coat.
The Shar-Pei was named in 1978 as one of the world's rarest dog breeds by 'TIME' magazine and 'Guinness World Records'. Although the Shar-Pei has been identified as a basal breed that predates the emergence of the modern breeds in the 19th century, the American Kennel Club recognized it as their 134th breed only in 1992.
The Shar-Pei's pigmentation resembles the Chow Chow, as they have been crossbred before, probably giving the Shar-Pei the same blue-black tongue. There are over 16 recognized colors in the AKC standard.
The traditional Shar-Pei that is most popular in China is more faithful to the history of the breed (taller, less wrinkly, a flatter mouth and nose, horse-coated). As puppies, they have lots of wrinkles and as they get older, they have fewer wrinkles.
All Shar-Pei puppies need early socialization with children, strangers, and other animals. The Shar-Pei is often suspicious of strangers, which pertains to their origin as a guard dog. It is a very independent and reserved breed.