The Peruvian Hairless Dog is one of several breeds of hairless dog. In Peru, breeders tend to prefer completely hairless dogs. Peruvian Hairless is an ancient breed in the history of Peru, depicted in pre-Incan art and pottery.

The color of skin can be totally one color or one color with tongue pink spots. Albinism is not allowed. The eye color is linked to the skin color. It is always brown, but dogs with light colors can have clearer eyes than darker-skinned dogs.

The breed's bald bodies radiate heat. Many in Peru use the dogs as living hot-water bottles for warmth at night, or pain management. They are intelligent, affectionate with family, but wary of strangers.

They tend to be very protective of women and children in the family. They are typically lively, alert and friendly with other dogs. They are agile and fast, and many of them enjoy sight-hunting small rodents.

These dogs tend to know their allowed territories and respect it. They are intolerant of extreme temperatures, although they are quite comfortable wearing clothing and will even play in the snow if dressed warmly.

They generally require an owner that understands dog language and are not recommended for beginners. They learn fast, and they are very smart, but get bored easily with repetitious games like "fetch".

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