Tripoli is the capital city and the largest city of Libya, with a population of about 1.158 million people in 2018. It is located in the northwest of Libya on the edge of the desert, on a point of rocky land projecting into the Mediterranean Sea and forming a bay.

Tripoli was founded in the 7th century BC by the Greeks, who named it Oea. Tripoli is also known as Tripoli-of-the-West to distinguish it from its Phoenician sister city Tripoli, Lebanon, known in Arabic as Ṭarābulus al-Sham, meaning "Levantine Tripoli". It is affectionately called "The Mermaid of the Mediterranean", describing its turquoise waters and its whitewashed buildings.

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