Mary Elizabeth “Tipper” Gore (born 1948) is an American social issues advocate who was the second lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001. She was married to Al Gore in 1970, the 45th vice president of the United States, although they reached a mutually agreeable separation in 2010.

She holds both a bachelor’s and master’s degree in psychology.

Tipper Gore has volunteered for social causes throughout her public life including advocating for placing advisory labels on music, mental health awareness, women’s causes, children’s causes and reducing homelessness.

An example of her personal commitment to social issues occurred in 1984, when she volunteered in homeless shelters plus she formed a group called Families for the Homeless to raise funds and awareness for this issue.

As second lady, Gore served as the mental health policy advisor to President Bill Clinton. Her goals were to diminish the stigma surrounding mental illness and to bring awareness to the need for affordable mental health care.

In 1999, Gore hosted the first White House Conference on Mental Health. That same year, she launched the National Mental Health Awareness Campaign (NMHAC) to encourage Americans to seek treatment for mental illness.

Often she would speak about her own experience with depression and treatment following the near-fatal injury of her son Albert.

She was given the nickname “Tipper” by her mother, from a lullaby her mother had heard.

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