Rügen is Germany's largest island. It is located off the Pomeranian coast in the Baltic Sea. Being famous for its beautiful scenery, comfortable climate and clean beaches, it is one of the most popular resorts in Germany.

Rügen has a maximum length of 51.4 km (31.9 mi) (from north to south), a maximum width of 42.8 km (26.6 mi) in the south and an area of 926 km2 (358 sq mi). The coast is characterized by numerous sandy beaches, lagoons (Bodden) and open bays (Wieke), as well as projecting peninsulas and headlands.

The heartland of Rügen is gently rolling, and the area is characterized primarily by agriculture. The climate is in the temperate zone. The winters are not particularly cold, with mean temperatures in January and February of 0.0 °C (32.0 °F); and summers are mild and temperate, with a mean temperature in August of 16.3 °C (61.3 °F).

Once it served as the home of the German tribe of rugs, in whose honor, in fact, this area was named. Then came the warlike West Slavic rudders, who made the island of Rugen a bastion of their culture. In subsequent years, it belonged either to the Swedes, then to the Danes, or to the French, until, finally, it became part of a united Germany.

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