Pink Floyd was founded in London, England in 1964 by Syd Barrett (guitar, lead vocals), Nick Mason (drums), Roger Waters (bass guitar, vocals), Richard Wright (keyboards, vocals) and Bob Klose (guitars). They released their successful debut album 'The Piper at the Gates of Dawn' in 1967. They were distinguished for their extended compositions, sonic experimentation, philosophical lyrics and elaborate shows. Pink Floyd became a leading band of the progressive rock genre, cited by some as the greatest progressive rock band of all time.

Conceived by French movie director Adrian Maben, 'Pink Floyd: Live at Pompeii' - a documentary concert film, was shot in October 1971 in a 2,000-year-old amphitheater in Pompeii, Italy; a venue chosen to accentuate the grandeur and spaciousness of the band's 'Meddle'-era music. (Meddle is the sixth studio album by Pink Floyd, by 'Harvest Records', released in 1971.)

The band perform a typical live set from the era without an audience beyond the basic film crew. The main footage in and around the amphitheatre was filmed over four days, using the band's regular touring equipment, including a mobile 8-track recorder from Paris. Additional footage, filmed in a Paris television studio the following December, was added for the original 1972 release. Re-released in 1974, it contained additional studio material of the band working on 'The Dark Side of the Moon', (1973) and interviews at Abbey Road Studios.

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