William Makepeace Thackeray (1811-1863) was an English novelist of the 19th century. In his earliest works, writing under such pen names as George Savage Fitz-Boodle, Charles James Yellowplush, and Michael Angelo Titmarsh he attacked high society, military prowess, the institution of marriage and hypocrisy.

His writing career really began with a series of satirical sketches now usually known as "The Yellowplush Papers", which appeared in Fraser's Magazine beginning in 1837. In 1839 Fraser's published the work "Catherine" which is considered to be Thackeray's first novel. Notable among the later novels are "The Fitz-Boodle Papers" (1842), “Men's Wives" (1842), "The History of Pendennis" (1848), "The History of Henry Esmond, Esq.", (1852), "The Newcomes" (1853) and "The Rose and the Ring" (1855).

He is best known for "Vanity Fair" (1847) which is a panoramic portrait of English society. Thackeray had a fondness for roguish upstarts like Becky Sharp in “Vanity Fair”, Barry Lyndon in “Barry Lyndon” (1844) and Catherine in “Catherine” (1839).

Amantine Lucile Aurore Dupin (1804 – 1876) is best known by her pen name George Sand and was a French novelist, memoirist, and socialist. Mary Ann Evans (1819 – 1880) is best known by her pen name George Eliot and was an English novelist, poet, journalist, translator, and one of the leading writers of the Victorian era. Alice Bradley Sheldon (1915 – 1987) was an American science fiction author whose pen name was James Tiptree Jr.

More Info: en.wikipedia.org