A rose is a woody perennial flowering plant of the genus Rosa, in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears.

The name is derived from the Latin "rosa" and the Greek "rhodon." Chloris, the goddess of flowers, crowned the rose as a queen of the flowers. Aphrodite presented a rose to her son Eros, the god of love. The rose became a symbol of love and desire. Eros gave the rose to Harpocrates, the god of silence, to induce him not to gossip about his mother's amorous indiscretions. Thus the rose also became the emblem of silence and secrecy. In the middle ages, a rose was suspended from the ceiling of a council chamber, pledging all present to secrecy, or sub rosa, "under the rose."

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