Sorghum is a genus of about 25 species of flowering plants in the grass family. Some of these species are grown as cereals for human consumption and some in pastures for animals.

In China, sorghum is known as "gaoliang", and is fermented and distilled to produce one form of clear spirits known as "baijiu" of which the most famous is Maotai (or Moutai). In Taiwan, on the island called Kinmen, plain sorghum is made into sorghum liquor. In several countries in Africa, including Zimbabwe, Burundi, Mali, Burkina Faso, Ghana, and Nigeria, sorghum of both the red and white varieties is used to make traditional opaque beer. Red sorghum imparts a pinkish-brown colour to the beer.

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