The Edinburgh Derby refers to any football (soccer) match played by two Scottish clubs, Heart of Midlothian (Hearts) and Hibernian (Hibs). They are the oldest professional clubs based in Edinburgh, Scotland and have been rivals since the first match between the clubs on Christmas Day 1875.

Heart of Midlothian Football Club currently competes in the Scottish Premiership, which is the top tier of the Scottish Professional Football League (SPFL) (2021). They were formed in 1874 and their name was influenced by Walter Scott's novel 'The Heart of Midlothian' (1818). Midlothian is a historic county of Scotland that borders Edinburgh.

Hibernian Football Club also plays in the Scottish Premiership. It was founded in 1875 by members of Edinburgh's Irish community and was named after the Roman word for Ireland.

At their first game in 1875, Hearts beats Hibs 1–0. As of September 2021, they have since played 651 derbies, both competitive and friendly, of which Hearts have won 285 games.

The record crowd at an Edinburgh derby was 65,860 on 2nd January 1950. At the time, this was the biggest crowd for any Scottish game played outside Glasgow. The matched ended with Hearts winning a score of 2–1.

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