Louisiana is a state in the deep South and South Central regions of the U.S. It is the 19th-smallest by area and the 25th most populous of the 50 U.S. states. Louisiana is boarded by Texas to the west, Arkansas to the north, Mississippi to the east, and the Gulf of Mexico to the south. A large part of its eastern boundary is demarcated by the Mississippi River.

Louisiana is the only U.S. state with political subdivisions termed parishes, which are equivalent to counties, making it one of only two U.S. states not subdivided into counties, making it one of the only two U.S. states not subdivided into counties (the other being Alaska). The state's capital is Baton Rouge.

Known as the Pelican State (official), the state's anthem is "Give Me Louisiana". The sitting Governor is John Be Edwards (2022). Its official dog breed is the Catahoula Leopard Dog.

Much of the state's lands were formed from sediment washed down from the Mississippi River, leaving enormous deltas and vast areas of coastal marsh and swamp. There are many species of tree frogs, and fish such as sturgeon.

Before the American purchase of the territory in 1803, the present-day U.S. state of Louisiana had been both a French colony and for a brief period a Spanish one.

Arkansas is a U.S. state bordering the state of Louisiana to the north. It is known for it's abundant park and wilderness areas plus its hot springs. It was admitted to the union 6/15/1836 and has a population is 3,013756 (2020).

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