The Rohingya are Indo-Aryan peoples from the Rakhine State, Myanmar (Burma) , who speak the Rohingya language. Muslims have settled in Rakhine State (also known as Arakan) since the 16th century, although the number of Muslim settlers before British rule is unclear. As of 2013, about 1.3 million Rohingyas live in Myanmar. They reside mainly in the northern Rakhine townships, where they form 80–98% of the population. International media and human rights organizations have often described Rohingyas as one of the most persecuted of minorities in the world.

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