Marilyn Pauline "Kim" Novak

(born February 13, 1933) is an American retired film and television actress. She won two scholarships to the School of the Art Institute of Chicago and during the summer break in her last semester of junior college, Novak went on a cross-country tour modeling for a refrigerator company at trade shows.

Novak began her film career in 1954 after signing wirh Columbia Pictures and subsequently became one of Hollywood's top box office stars, starring in many movies, including "Picnic" (1955), "The Man with the Golden Arm" (1955) and "Pal Joey" (1957). She is widely known for her performance as Madeleine Elster/Judy Barton in Alfred Hitchcock's thriller "Vertigo" (1958) with James Stewart. The film was ignored by critics upon release, but is now recognized as one of the greatest films ever made. Other notable films include "Bell, Book and Candle" (1958), "Strangers When We Meet" (1960) and "Kiss Me, Stupid" (1964).

Although still only in her mid-30s, Novak withdrew from acting in 1966 and has only sporadically worked in films since. She appeared in "The Mirror Crack'd" (1980), and had a regular role on the primetime series "Falcon Crest" (1986–1987). After a disappointing experience during the filming of "Liebestraum" (1991), she permanently retired from acting, saying she had no desire to return. Her contributions to cinema have been honored with two Golden Globe Awards, an Honorary Golden Bear Award, and a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

More Info: