Who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature for his "oratory in defending exalted human values"?
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer. He was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945, when he led Britain to victory in the Second World War, and again from 1951 to 1955. Churchill represented five constituencies during his career as a Member of Parliament (MP).
Churchill was a prolific writer, often under the pen name "Winston S. Churchill", which he used to avoid confusion with the American novelist of the same name. His output included a novel, two biographies, three volumes of memoirs, and several histories. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1953 "for his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values".
Two of his most famous works, published after his first premiership brought his international fame to new heights, were his six-volume memoir "The Second World War" and "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples"; a four-volume history covering the period from Caesar's invasions of Britain (55 BC) to the beginning of the First World War (1914). A number of volumes of Churchill's speeches were also published. the first of which, "Into Battle", was published in the United States under the title "Blood, Sweat and Tears".