Tancredo de Almeida Neves (March 4, 1910 – April 21, 1985) was a Brazilian politician, lawyer, and entrepreneur. He served as Minister of Justice and Interior Affairs from 1953 to 1954, Prime Minister from 1961 to 1962, Minister of Finance in 1962, and as Governor of Minas Gerais from 1983 to 1984. He was elected President of Brazil in 1985 but died before he took office. Neves was one of the most important Brazilian politicians in the 20th century and one of the major statesmen of Brazilian history.

In 1984, Neves ran for president with the help of Ulysses Guimarães. He was elected President of Brazil on January 15, 1985, by the indirect voting of an electoral college. Neves fell gravely ill on the eve of his inauguration, March 14, 1985, and died 39 days afterwards. He died of diverticulitis and never assumed his position as president. While still ill, he was awarded the Grand Cross of Value, Loyalty and Merit by the Military Order of the Tower and Spade on March 27. Although he died before taking his post as president his name has been included in the gallery of Brazilian presidents according to law 7.4653, passed on the first anniversary of his death. Neves was the last Mineiro (from the State of Minas Gerais) President to be elected in the 20th century (before Dilma Rousseff in 2010).

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