The Old Man and the Sea is a short novel written by the American author Ernest Hemingway in 1951. It was the last major work of fiction by Hemingway that was published during his lifetime. The novel became one of the best-known works by Hemingway and was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction.

The novel tells the story of Santiago, an aging Cuban fisherman who struggles with a giant marlin far out in the Gulf Stream off the coast of Florida. This work is a great representation of Hemingway's writing style and philosophy. The author was always very interested in such character types as Santiago's and possessed an amazing ability to express and disclose the feelings of ordinary men. Hemingway understood the way such people struggled for their lives, as his life was full of difficulties and misfortunes as well.

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