5 legendary archaeological discoveries and their mysteries
Thanks to the archaeologists, we can have a complex glimpse into human history and learn what our ancestors' life was like centuries ago. Anyway, some discoveries only bring questions – let's learn more about the most mysterious ones.
#1 Voynich Manuscript
The manuscript consists of astronomical, biological, herbal, cosmological and pharmaceutical sections. The language it's written in is still unknown – many professional and amateur cryptographers have studied the manuscript, but it has never been demonstrably deciphered. None of the plants depicted in the herbal section were identified.
#2 Mount Owen Claw
Moas that lived in New Zealand reached 12 ft (3.6 m) in height, and weighed about 510 lb (230 kg). The claw found in the cave belonged to the smallest species, upland moa. All moas were hunt to extinction by the Māori people, the first ethnic group to settle in New Zealand.
#3 Nazca Lines
Most scholars believe the lines were created by the Nazca culture, which flourished in Peru from circa 100 BC to 800 AD. The depressions and incisions were created by moving large rocks. The exact purpose of these pictures remains unknown.
#4 Göbekli Tepe
Carbon dating establishes the age of Göbekli Tepe at 12,000 years old, which makes it the world's oldest temple.
The discovery of this place actually puts all the human history we know into question: it was somehow created before the Agricultural revolution, in the times when ancient humans are supposed to have been hunting and gathering as nomads.
Did our ancestors start establishing long-term settlements earlier than we think? Or were they so religious they were using all their resources to build temples like this? And the main question is, how could these people build something astronomically aligned, given that they are believed to have just left their caves? All of these questions remain unanswered.
#5 Terracotta Army
Every warrior of the Terracotta Army has a unique face.
The soldiers are believed to have been buried with the emperor to protect him in the afterlife. Different weapons were also found in the tomb. The soldiers were perfectly arranged within large clay corridors. The Terracotta Army consists of more than 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses, and 150 cavalry horses.
Have you ever heard about these archaeological discoveries before? Which of them surprised you the most? Which discoveries would you add to this list?
Tell us in the comments!
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