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What is the oldest person or event that we know about and why were they important?

It is the oldest murder mystery in world history.

In 1991, hikers stumbled upon the incredibly preserved body of a man from the Copper Age. The mummy, frozen in the Chnalstal/Val Senales Valley glacier in northern Italy, was dubbed Ötzi the Iceman.

The Iceman holds many secrets for historians, including one intriguing detail: Ötzi met a violent end in the Ötztal Alps.

Ötzi is conceivably the most studied corpse in all of human history. Modern forensic technology has given historians an unparalleled glimpse into one man’s life 5,300 years ago. It is the closest we might ever come to our own time machine.

Appearance

Despite his death around 3300 BCE, scientists know an astonishing amount about Otzi’s appearance.

He was 5 feet 5 inches tall (162.5 cm, about average height for his time), weighed 110 pounds (50 kg), had brown eyes and shoulder-length, dark brown hair, and a size 7½ foot. He was about 45, give or take six years, respectably old for the late Neolithic age — but still in his prime.
Ötzi had the physique of a man who did a lot of strenuous walking but little upper-body work; there was hardly any fat on his body.

He had 61 tattoos, inked with charcoal that punctured the top layer of his skin. The body still had a full assortment of clothing, including a “hide coat, skin leggings, fur hat, and hay-stuffed shoes.”

Murder

Only in 2001 did new body scans reveal the presence of an arrowhead embedded in the Iceman’s left shoulder. Additional study yielded more clues to the violent encounter.

A cut on his right hand, indicating hand-to-hand combat, never had a chance to heal before he died. This means that conflict happened before he was shot, perhaps hours or days before, and may have led to the second conflict that killed him.

After the murder weapon was found, the Italian museum holding the Iceman’s remains contacted Detective Inspector Alexander Horn of the Munich Police. Inspector Horn, working with forensic specialists, set out to discover anything he could about the last days of Ötzi.

They reconstructed his final hours in the mountains.

Inspector Horn reckons Ötzi was in no hurry. At 10,500 feet, he made what appeared to be a camp in a protected gully on the mountain saddle, spreading his belongings around and sitting down to his last meal.
“Roughly half an hour before his death he was having a proper meal, even a heavy meal,” Inspector Horn said. The Copper Age menu was well balanced, consisting of ibex meat, smoked or raw; einkorn wheat (an early domesticated variety), possibly in the form of bread; some sort of fat, which might have been from bacon or cheese; and bracken, a common fern.
There is even evidence that some of his food was recently cooked. “If you’re in a rush and the first thing is to get away from someone trying to kill you, that’s not what you do,” he said. Ötzi’s longbow was only half a day’s work from completion, he added, but there was no sign that he was working on it at the time.

Could Ötzi’s killer, after coming into conflict with him earlier, have stalked him in the mountains? The Iceman was shot by an arrow from approximately 100 feet away. He died with a valuable copper axe, which might rule out robbery as a motive.

Entertaining speculation aside, Ötzi’s continue to fascinate, and new secrets are still to be revealed from further study. It is striking how similar he is to his present-day descendants.

Both in life and in death, the Iceman seems uncannily familiar to his modern descendants, said the museum’s deputy director, Katharina Hersel.
“He is so close to us. He uses the same equipment as we do when he goes to the mountain, just the materials are different,” she said. “And we are still killing each other, so maybe there hasn’t been so much evolution after all.”


This information was taken from Quora. Click here to view the original post.

Have you ever heard about Ötzi before?

#History #Society #Quora

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What are your thoughts on this subject?
37 Comments
Rob Bowman
David Heinz - how is it that every time someone mentions the word evolution we have to get the usual diatribe on someone’s religion. Spouting your beliefs doesn’t make you a better believer, religion is a personal strength and people having to constantly express their faith in this sort of forum only suggests to me that you have doubts.
13
May 2, 2019 7:22PM
Vilma Maritz
Yes I have heard of him.
0
Nov 30, 2020 4:46PM
Wayne Roberts
Caroline Weis, If Adam and Eve existed? They were Aliens!
1
May 9, 2020 6:06PM
Sean Philips
Richard Franklin, prove it
0
Apr 23, 2020 1:16AM
c grhm
He was probably killed so therefore we haven't evolved so much. Really? What a genius conclusion given that the human race is constantly at war.
1
Feb 10, 2020 8:23PM
Margaret Martin
David Heinz, if you believe in the biblical truth then what about Adam and Eve as she was the only woman she must have had sex with her sons to create more humans
1
Jan 30, 2020 1:11AM
Sherry Holliday
Very interesting - enjoyed it!
1
Aug 3, 2019 12:00PM
Tina Koski
Like, interestimg.
1
Jul 4, 2019 7:42PM
Don Racette
Laura Peterson. Your mom told me he looks just like your husband.
0
Jun 16, 2019 9:26PM
Laura Peterson
LOOKS LIKE UNCLE HARRY
1
Jun 1, 2019 10:24PM
Diane Thompson
David Heinz, Amen to that. The people who criticize us for mentioning the Bible are those who's feathers become untidy when they hear about God and don't want their boats rocked. Preach it, brother, Jesus walks with you and millions of us are on your side with Him.
5
May 18, 2019 5:07AM
Carol Bruyere
very informative
1
May 13, 2019 1:07PM
Marjory Shannon
Yes I read about him years ago but the above is all new to me very interesting
1
May 8, 2019 4:42AM
Alan Whittaker
Yes there was a documentary about Otzi on tv a couple of years ago, and I vaguely remember the result of the police re-construction of the crime !!!!!
1
May 8, 2019 2:22AM
Caroline Weis
Gee if he died around 3300 bce then that puts him about the time of Adam and Eve or maybe one if their children.
4
May 4, 2019 11:19PM
Chris Oosthuysen
Hopefully they can trace his DNA to present day relatives.
0
May 3, 2019 4:10PM

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